Patatin-related phospholipase A: nomenclature, subfamilies and functions in plants

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Title
Patatin-related phospholipase A: nomenclature, subfamilies and functions in plants
Author(s)
G F E Scherer; Stephen Beungtae Ryu; X Wang; A R Matos; T Heitz
Bibliographic Citation
Trends in Plant Science, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 693-700
Publication Year
2010
Abstract
The release of fatty acids from membrane glycerolipids has been implicated in a variety of cellular processes, but the enzymes involved and their regulation are poorly understood in plants. One large group of acyl-hydrolyzing enzymes is structurally related to patatins. Patatins are potato tuber proteins with acyl-hydrolyzing activity, and the patatin catalytic domain is widely spread in bacterial, yeast, plant and animal enzymes. Recent results have indicated that patatin-related enzymes are involved in different cellular functions, including plant responses to auxin, elicitors or pathogens, and abiotic stresses and lipid mobilization during seed germination. In this review, we highlight recent developments regarding these enzymes and propose the nomenclature pPLA for the patatin-related phospholipase A enzyme.
ISSN
1360-1385
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2010.09.005
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomaterials Research > Plant Systems Engineering Research > 1. Journal Articles
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