Leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor 5/GPR49 activates G12/13-Rho GTPase pathway = LGR5에 의한 G12/13-Rho 신호전달계의 활성화
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- Leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor 5/GPR49 activates G12/13-Rho GTPase pathway = LGR5에 의한 G12/13-Rho 신호전달계의 활성화
- Mi-So Kwon; Bioh Park; H M Kim; Sunhong Kim
- Bibliographic Citation
- Molecules and Cells, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 267-272
- Publication Year
- Leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor 5 (LGR5/GPR49) is highly expressed in adult stem cells of various tissues, such as intestine, hair follicles, and stomach. LGR5 is also overexpressed in some colon and ovarian tumors. Recent reports show that R-spondin (RSPO) family ligands bind to and activate LGR5, enhancing canonical Wnt signaling via the interaction with LRP5/6 and Frizzled. The identity of heterotrimeric G-proteins coupled to LGR5, however, remains unclear. Here, we show that Rho GTPase is a downstream target of LGR5. Overexpression of LGR5 induced SRF-RE luciferase activity, a reporter of Rho signaling. RSPOs, ligands for LGR4, LGR5, and LGR6, however, did not induce SRF-RE reporter activity in the presence of LGR5. Consistently, LGR5-induced activity of the SRF-RE reporter was inhibited by Rho inhibitor C3 transferase and RhoA N19 mutant, and knockdown of Gα12/13 genes blocked the reporter activity induced by LGR5. In addition, focal adhesion kinase, NF-κB and c-fos, targets of Rho GTPase, were shown to be regulated by LGR5. Here, we have demonstrated, for the first time, that LGR5 is coupled to the Rho pathway through G12/13 signaling.
- Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
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- 1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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