Magnetic nanoclusters engineered by polymer-controlled self-assembly for the accurate diagnosis of atherosclerotic plaques via magnetic resonance imaging

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Title
Magnetic nanoclusters engineered by polymer-controlled self-assembly for the accurate diagnosis of atherosclerotic plaques via magnetic resonance imaging
Author(s)
M H Kim; B Kim; Eun Kyung Lim; Y Choi; J Choi; E Kim; E Jang; H S Park; J S Suh; Y M Huh; S Haam
Bibliographic Citation
Macromolecular Bioscience, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 943-952
Publication Year
2014
Abstract
Oleyl dextran-coated magnetic nanoclusters (ODMCs) are fabricated for the accurate detection of macrophage-rich atherosclerotic plaques using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Dextran is introduced to the cluster surface of magnetic nanocrystals (MNCs) through self-assembly using amphiphilic oleic acid-conjugated dextran (ODex) to provide not only hydrophilicity but also a high affinity to macrophages. Enhanced magnetism of the ODMCs is engineered by optimizing the degree of substitution (DS) of the oleyl group in ODex and the concentration of ODex used for the synthesis of ODMC. Consequently, ODMCs exhibit significantly increased T2 relaxivity and excellent macrophage-targeting ability without cytotoxicity, in vitro. Moreover, in vivo T2-weighted MR imaging after intravenous injection of ODMCs into a rat artery balloon injury model demonstrates considerable MR contrast strength efficacy in the plaques of the injured carotid artery. These novel ODMCs may offer a highly efficient MR imaging nanoprobes for the selective diagnosis of atherosclerosis. Oleyl dextran (ODex) coated magnetic nanocluster (ODMC) is developed and engineered by polymer-controlled self-assembly to be used as efficient MR imaging nanoprobe of atherosclerosis. T2 relaxivity of ODMCs is highly enhanced by controlling the condition of ODex including the degree of substitution of the oleyl group and the concentration used for the synthesis of ODMCs.
Keyword
atherosclerotic plaquedextranmagnetic nanoclustersself-assemblyimaging
ISSN
1616-5187
Publisher
Wiley
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mabi.201400029
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Bionanotechnology Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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