Anti-herpes activity of vinegar-processed Daphne genkwa Flos via enhancement of natural killer cell activity

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Title
Anti-herpes activity of vinegar-processed Daphne genkwa Flos via enhancement of natural killer cell activity
Author(s)
E Uyangaa; J Y CHoi; Hyung Won RyuSei-Ryang Oh; S K Eo
Bibliographic Citation
Immune Network, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 91-99
Publication Year
2015
Abstract
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a common causative agent of genital ulceration and can lead to subsequent neurological disease in some cases. Here, using a genital infection model, we tested the efficacy of vinegar-processed flos of Daphne genkwa (vp-genkwa) to modulate vaginal inflammation caused by HSV-1 infection. Our data revealed that treatment with optimal doses of vp-genkwa after, but not before, HSV-1 infection provided enhanced resistance against HSV-1 infection, as corroborated by reduced mortality and clinical signs. Consistent with these results, treatment with vp-genkwa after HSV-1 infection reduced viral replication in the vaginal tract. Furthermore, somewhat intriguingly, treatment of vp-genkwa after HSV-1 infection increased the frequency and absolute number of CD3?NK1.1+NKp46+ natural killer (NK) cells producing interferon (IFN)-γ and granyzme B, which indicates that vp-genkwa treatment induces the activation of NK cells. Supportively, secreted IFN-γ was detected at an increased level in vaginal lavages of mice treated with vp-genkwa after HSV-1 infection. These results indicate that enhanced resistance to HSV-1 infection by treatment with vp-genkwa is associated with NK cell activation. Therefore, our data provide a valuable insight into the use of vp-genkwa to control clinical severity in HSV infection through NK cell activation.
Keyword
Daphne genkwaVinegar-processed flosHerpes simplex virusGenital infectionNK cells
ISSN
I000-0135
Publisher
South Korea
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.4110/in.2015.15.2.91
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Natural Medicine Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > 1. Journal Articles
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