Samsoeum water extract attenuates allergic airway inflammation via modulation of Th1/Th2 cytokines and decrease of iNOS expression in asthmatic mice

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Title
Samsoeum water extract attenuates allergic airway inflammation via modulation of Th1/Th2 cytokines and decrease of iNOS expression in asthmatic mice
Author(s)
W Y Jeon; In Sik Shin; H K Shin; M Y Lee
Bibliographic Citation
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 15, pp. 47-47
Publication Year
2015
Abstract
Background: Samsoeum has long been used in Korea and other Asian countries as a traditional medicine to treat various diseases. In the present study, we investigated the antiasthma effect of the herbal medicine Samsoeum water extract (SSEW) using an in vivo ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthmatic model. Methods: Female BALB/c mice were sensitized by an intraperitoneal injection of OVA and subsequently challenged with nebulized OVA. We investigated the number of inflammatory cells, the production of Th1/Th2 cytokines and chemokine in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), histological changes in lung tissue, the infiltration of inflammatory cells and hyperplasia of goblet cells in lung tissue, the levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in BALF and plasma, and the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in lung tissue. Results: Our findings indicated that SSEW decreased the accumulation of inflammatory cells (particularly, eosinophil and neutrophil) and regulated the balance in the production of Th1/Th2 cytokines and chemokine in BALF. Moreover, SSEW suppressed the level of IgE in BALF and plasma, and inhibited the infiltration of inflammatory cells, hyperplasia of goblet cells, and the expression of iNOS in lung tissue. Conclusions: Collectively, these results suggest that, because of its anti-inflammatory and antiasthma properties, SSEW may be useful in reducing airway inflammation in the treatment of allergic asthma.
Keyword
AsthmaInflammatory cellsiNOSSamsoeumTh1/Th2 cytokines
ISSN
1472-6882
Publisher
Springer-BMC
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-015-0561-3
Type
Article
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1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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