Anti-obesity effects of spiramycin in vitro and in vivo

Cited 6 time in scopus
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Title
Anti-obesity effects of spiramycin in vitro and in vivo
Author(s)
Mun-Ock KimHyung Won Ryu; Ji Hee Choi; Tae Hyun Son; Sei-Ryang Oh; Hyun Sun Lee; Heung Joo Yuk; Sungchan ChoJong Soon KangChang Woo LeeJinhyuk Lee; C K Lee; S T Hong; Su Ui Lee
Bibliographic Citation
PLoS One, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. e0158632-e0158632
Publication Year
2016
Abstract
The effects of spiramycin on adipogenesis and high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity were investigated. Potential mechanisms contributing to these effects were elucidated. The inhibitory effect of spiramycin on adipocyte differentiation was assessed using 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells, in which several parameters involved in AMPK signal pathways and lipid metabolism were examined. To further investigate the pharmacological effects of spiramycin in vivo, we examined several obesity-related parameters in HFD-induced obese mice. Spiramycin significantly inhibited preadipocyte differentiation by attenuating intracellular lipid accumulation. Spiramycin also reduced the expression of adipogenic master regulators (PPARγ, C/EBPα, and SREBP1c) and their downstream target genes (FAS, aP2, and GLUT4) in 3T3-L1 cells. In addition, AMPK phosphorylation was increased by spiramycin treatment in 3T3-L1 cells during early differentiation. Notably, HFD-induced obese mice administered spiramycin showed substantial decreases in body weight gain, serum leptin levels, adipose tissue mass, and hepatic lipid accumulation. Moreover, the decreased levels of GPT and GOT in the serum indicated that spiramycin attenuated hepatic injury caused by HFD. Taken together, these results demonstrate for the first time that spiramycin effectively attenuates HFD-induced obesity and hepatic steatosis by inhibiting adipogenesis.
ISSN
1932-6203
Publisher
Public Library of Science
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0158632
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Natural Product Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > Nucleic Acid Therapeutics Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > Laboratory Animal Resource & Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Biomedical Research > Disease Target Structure Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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