Multi-level stressor analysis from the DNA/biochemical level to community levels in an urban stream and integrative health response (IHR) assessments

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Title
Multi-level stressor analysis from the DNA/biochemical level to community levels in an urban stream and integrative health response (IHR) assessments
Author(s)
J H Lee; J H Kim; Hee-Mock Oh; K G An
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A-Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 211-222
Publication Year
2013
Abstract
The objectives of this study were to identify multi-level stressors at the DNA/biochemical level to the community level in fish in an urban stream and to develop an integrative health response (IHR) model for ecological health diagnosis. A pristine control site (Sc) and an impacted site (S i) were selected from among seven pre-screened sites studied over seven years. Various chemical analyses indicated that nutrient enrichment (Nitrogen, Phosphorus) and organic pollution were significantly greater (t > 8.783, p < 0.01) at the Si site compared to the Sc site. Single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assays) of DNA-level impairment indicated significantly (t = 5.678, p < 0.01) greater tail intensity, expressed as % tail-DNA, at the Si site and genotoxic responses were detected in the downstream reach. Ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) assays, as a physiological bioindicator, were 2.8-fold higher (p < 0.05, NK-test after ANOVA) at the Si site. Tissue analysis using a necropsy-based health assessment index (NHAI) showed distinct internal organ disorders in three tissues, i.e., liver, kidney, and gill, at the Si site. Population-level analysis using the sentinel species Zacco platypus showed that the regression coefficient (b) was 3.012 for the Si site and 2.915 for the Sc site, indicating population skewness in the downstream reach. Community-level health was impaired at the Si site based on an index of biological integrity (IBI), and physical habitat modifications were identified by a qualitative habitat evaluation index (QHEI). Overall, the model values for the integrative health response (IHR), developed using the star plot approach, were 3.22 (80.5%) at the Sc site and 0.74 (18.5%) at the Si site, indicating that, overall, ecological health impairments were evident in the urban reach. Our study was based on multi-level approaches using biological organization and the results suggest that there is a pivotal point of linkage between mechanistic understanding and real ecological consequences of environmental stressors. ⓒ Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Keyword
biological integritycasual assessmentgenotoxic responseIntegrative healthmultimetric indexstressor
ISSN
1093-4529
Publisher
T&F (Taylor & Francis)
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10934529.2012.717818
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomaterials Research > Cell Factory Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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