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- A novel de novo heterozygous DYRK1A mutation causes complete loss of DYRK1A function and developmental delay = DYRK1A 신규 돌연변이 기능연구
- Kyu-Sun Lee; Miri Choi; Dae Woo Kwon; D Kim; J M Choi; Ae-Kyeong Kim; Yeongwook Ham; S B Han; Sungchan Cho; C K Cheon
- Bibliographic Citation
- Scientific Reports, vol. 10, pp. 9849-9849
- Publication Year
- Dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase 1？A (DYRK1A) is essential for human development, and DYRK1A haploinsufficiency is associated with a recognizable developmental syndrome and variable clinical features. Here, we present a patient with DYRK1A haploinsufficiency syndrome, including facial dysmorphism, delayed motor development, cardiovascular system defects, and brain atrophy. Exome sequencing identified a novel de novo heterozygous mutation of the human DYRK1A gene (c.1185dup), which generated a translational termination codon and resulted in a C-terminally truncated protein (DYRK1A-E396ter). To study the molecular effect of this truncation, we generated mammalian cell and Drosophila models that recapitulated the DYRK1A protein truncation. Analysis of the structure and deformation energy of the mutant protein predicted a reduction in protein stability. Experimentally, the mutant protein was efficiently degraded by the ubiquitin-dependent proteasome pathway and was barely detectable in mammalian cells. More importantly, the mutant kinase was intrinsically inactive and had little negative impact on the wild-type protein. Similarly, the mutant protein had a minimal effect on Drosophila phenotypes, confirming its loss-of-function in vivo. Together, our results suggest that the novel heterozygous mutation of DYRK1A resulted in loss-of-function of the kinase activity of DYRK1A and may contribute to the developmental delay observed in the patient.
- Springer-Nature Pub Group
- Appears in Collections:
- Division of Biomaterials Research > Bionanotechnology Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > Natural Medicine Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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