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- Probing the neuraminidase activity of influenza virus using a cytolysin A protein nanopore
- Dong-Kyu Kwak; Jin-Sik Kim; Mi-Kyung Lee; K S Ryu; Seung-Wook Chi
- Bibliographic Citation
- Analytical Chemistry, vol. 92, no. 21, pp. 14303-14308
- Publication Year
- Neuraminidase (NA), one of the major surface glycoproteins of influenza A virus (IAV), is an important diagnostic biomarker and antiviral therapeutic target. Cytolysin A (ClyA) is a nanopore sensor with an internal constriction of 3.3 nm, enabling the detection of protein conformations at the single-molecule level. In this study, a nanopore-based approach is developed for analysis of the enzymatic activity of NA, which facilitates rapid and highly sensitive diagnosis of IAV. Current blockade analysis of the d-glucose/d-galactose-binding protein (GBP) trapped within a type I ClyA-AS (ClyA mutant) nanopore reveals that galactose cleaved from sialyl-galactose by NA of the influenza virus can be detected in real time and at the single-molecule level. Our results show that this nanopore sensor can quantitatively measure the activity of NA with 40？80-fold higher sensitivity than those previously reported. Furthermore, the inhibition of NA is monitored using small-molecule antiviral drugs, such as zanamivir. Taken together, our results reveal that the ClyA protein nanopore can be a valuable platform for the rapid and sensitive point-of-care diagnosis of influenza and for drug screening against the NA target.
- Amer Chem Soc
- Appears in Collections:
- Critical Diseases Diagnostics Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Biomedical Research > 1. Journal Articles
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