Xenopus chip for single-egg trapping, in vitro fertilization, development, and tadpole escape

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Xenopus chip for single-egg trapping, in vitro fertilization, development, and tadpole escape
S W Nam; J P Chae; Y H Kwon; Mi-Young Son; J S Bae; M J Park
Bibliographic Citation
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 569, pp. 29-34
Publication Year
Xenopus laevis is highly suitable as a toxicology animal model owing to its advantages in embryogenesis research. For toxicological studies, a large number of embryos must be handled simultaneously because they very rapidly develop into the target stages within a short period of time. To efficiently handle the embryos, a convenient embryo housing device is essential for fast and reliable assessment and statistical evaluation of malformation caused by toxicants. Here, we suggest 3D fabrication of single-egg trapping devices in which Xenopus eggs are fertilized in vitro, and the embryos are cultured. We used manual pipetting to insert the Xenopus eggs inside the trapping sites of the chip. By introducing a liquid circulating system, we connected a sperm-mixed solution with the chip to induce in vitro fertilization of the eggs. After the eggs were fertilized, we observed embryo development involving the formation of egg cleavage, blastula, gastrula, and tadpole. After the tadpoles grew inside the chip, we saved their lives by enabling their escape from the chip through reverse flow of the culture medium. The Xenopus chip can serve as an incubator to induce fertilization and monitor normal and abnormal development of the Xenopus from egg to tadpole.
Xenopus laevisEmbryogenesisIn vitro fertilizationBiochipTadpole trapping
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Division of Research on National Challenges > Stem Cell Convergenece Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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