ESRRA (estrogen related receptor alpha) is a critical regulator of intestinal homeostasis through activation of autophagic flux via gut microbiota

Cited 3 time in scopus
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Title
ESRRA (estrogen related receptor alpha) is a critical regulator of intestinal homeostasis through activation of autophagic flux via gut microbiota
Author(s)
S Kim; J Y Lee; S G Shin; J K Kim; P Silwal; Y J Kim; Na-Ri Shin; P S Kim; Minho Won; S H Lee; S Y Kim; M Sasai; M Yamamoto; J M Kim; J W Bae; E K Jo
Bibliographic Citation
Autophagy, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 2856-2875
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
The orphan nuclear receptor ESRRA (estrogen related receptor alpha) is critical in mitochondrial biogenesis and macroautophagy/autophagy function; however, the roles of ESRRA in intestinal function remain uncharacterized. Herein we identified that ESRRA acts as a key regulator of intestinal homeostasis by amelioration of colonic inflammation through activation of autophagic flux and control of host gut microbiota. Esrra-deficient mice presented with increased susceptibility to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis with upregulation of intestinal inflammation. In addition, esrra-null mice had depressed AMP-activated protein kinase phosphorylation (AMPK), lower levels of TFEB (transcription factor EB), and accumulation of SQSTM1/p62 (sequestosome 1) with defective mitochondria in intestinal tissues. Esrra-deficient mice showed distinct gut microbiota composition and significantly higher microbial diversity than wild-type (WT) mice. Cohousing or fecal microbiota transplantation from WT mice to Esrra-deficient mice ameliorated DSS-induced colitis severity. Importantly, patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) had significantly decreased ESRRA expression in intestinal mucosal tissues that correlated with disease activity, suggesting clinical relevance of ESRRA in UC. Taken together, our results show that ESRRA contributes to intestinal homeostasis through autophagy activation and gut microbiota control to protect the host from detrimental inflammation and dysfunctional mitochondria.
Keyword
AutophagyColitisEsrraGutInflammationInflammatory bowel diseasesMicrobiomeTranscription factor EBUlcerative colitis
ISSN
1554-8627
Publisher
T&F (Taylor & Francis)
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15548627.2020.1847460
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Bio Technology Innovation > BioProcess Engineering Center > 1. Journal Articles
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Biological Resource Center > 1. Journal Articles
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