Production of L-DOPA by thermostable tyrosine phenol-lyase of a thermophilic Symbiobacterium species overexpressed in recombinant Escherichia coli

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Title
Production of L-DOPA by thermostable tyrosine phenol-lyase of a thermophilic Symbiobacterium species overexpressed in recombinant Escherichia coli
Author(s)
Seung Goo Lee; Hyeon Su Ro; Seung Pyo Hong; E H Kim; Moon Hee Sung
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 98-102
Publication Year
1996
Abstract
A thermostable tyrosine phenol-lyase gene of a thermophilic Symbiobacterium species was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli in order to produce the biocatalyst for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine (L-DOPA). The substrates used for the synthetic reaction were pyrocatechol, sodium pyruvate, and ammonium chloride. The enzyme was stable up to 60°C, and the optimal temperature for the synthesis of L-DOPA was 37°C. The optimal pH of the reaction was about 8.3. Enzyme activity was highly dependent on the amount of ammonium chloride and the optimal concentration was estimated to be 0.6 M. In the case of pyrocatechol, an inactivation of enzyme activity was observed at concentrations higher than 0.1 M. Enzyme activity was increased by the presence of ethanol. Under optimized conditions, L-DOPA production was carried out adding pyrocatechol and sodium pyruvate to the reaction solution intermittently to avoid substrate depletion during the reaction. The concentration of L-DOPA reached 29.8 g/l after 6 h, but the concentration didn't increase further because of the formation of byproducts by a non-enzymatic reaction between L-DOPA and pyruvate.
Keyword
3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine(L-DOPA)thermophilic symbiobacterium speciesthermostable enzymetyrosine phenol-lyase
ISSN
1017-7825
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > 1. Journal Articles
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