Production and properties of a lipopeptide biosurfactant from Bacillus subtilis C9

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Title
Production and properties of a lipopeptide biosurfactant from Bacillus subtilis C9
Author(s)
Hee Sik Kim; Byung Dae Yoon; Chang Ho Lee; Hyun Hyo Suh; Hee-Mock Oh; Tohoru Katsuragi; Yoshiki Tani
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Fermentation Bioengineering, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 41-46
Publication Year
1997
Abstract
A lipopeptide biosurfactant, C9-BS produced by Bacillus (B.) subtilis C9, emulsified hydrocarbons, vegetable oil and crude oil. A high yield of C9- BS was obtained from a culture of B. subtilis C9 using a carbohydrate substrate, while a hydrocarbon substrate inhibited the production of the biosurfactant. The optimum medium for the production of C9-BS was as follows (g/l): glucose, 40; NH4HCO3, 13.5; K2HPO4, 10.5; NaH2PO4, 1.5; MgSO4.7H2O, 0.5; MnSO4 · 4H2O, 0.05; yeast extract, 0.5. The initial pH was 8.0 and the culture temperature was 30°C. The biosurfactant C9-BS was obtained by collection of the foam that overflowed in the fermentor culture. The production of the biosurfactant by B. subtilis C9 was growth-associated. Under O2-limited conditions. C9-BS was produced in a 3-fold higher yield compared to that under O2-sufficient conditions. C9-BS is soluble in ethanol, acetone, methanol, butanol, chloroform, dichloromethane and alkaline water. The biosurfactant C9-BS lowered the surface tension of water to 28.5 dyne/cm, and the CMC (critical micelle concentration) was 40 μM. C9-BS was stable from pH 5.0 to pH 9.5, in incubation at 100°C for 1 h, and at a salt concentration of 1,000 mM for NaCl and 10 mM for CaCl2.
Keyword
biosurfactantlipopeptideBacillus subtilisproductionpropertiesstability
ISSN
0385-6380
Publisher
Soc Bioscience Bioengineering Japan
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0922-338X(97)82784-5
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > Cell Factory Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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