Plasma and hepatic cholesterol and hepatic activites of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase and Acyl Coa: cholesterol transferase are lower in rats fed citrus peel extract or a mixture of citrus bioflavonoids

Cited 315 time in scopus
Metadata Downloads
Title
Plasma and hepatic cholesterol and hepatic activites of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase and Acyl Coa: cholesterol transferase are lower in rats fed citrus peel extract or a mixture of citrus bioflavonoids
Author(s)
Song Hae Bok; Sung Heui Lee; Yong Bok park; Ki Hwan Bae; Kwang Hee SonTae Sook Jeong; Myung Sook Choi
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Nutrition, vol. 129, no. 6, pp. 1182-1185
Publication Year
1999
Abstract
The cholesterol-lowering effects of tangerine peel extract and a mixture of two citrus flavonoids were tested. Male rats were fed a 1 g/100 g high- cholesterol diet for 42 d with supplements of either tangerine-peel extract or a mixture of naringin and hesperidin (0.5 g/100 g) to study the effects of plasma and hepatic lipids, hepatic enzyme activities, and the excretion of fecal neutral sterols. Both the tangerine-peel extract and mixture of two flavonoids significantly lowered the levels (mean ± SE) of plasma (2.44 ± 0.59 and 2.42 ± 0.31 mmol/L, vs. 3.80 ± 0.28 mmol/L, P < 0.05), hepatic cholesterol (0.143 ± 0.017 and 0.131 ± 0.010 mmol/g vs. 0.181 ± 0.003 mmol/g, P < 0.05), and hepatic triglycerides (0.069 ± 0.007 and 0.075 ± 0.006 mmol/g vs. 0.095 ± 0.002 mmol/g, P < 0.05) compared to those of the control. The 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase (1565.0 ± 106.0 pmol · min-1 · mg protein-1 and 1783.0 ± 282 pmol · min-1 mg protein-1 vs. 2487.0 ± 210.0 pmol · min-1 · mg protein-1, P < 0.05) and acyl CoA: cholesterol O-acyltransferase (ACAT) activities (548.0 ± 65.0 and 615.0 ± 80.0 pmol · min-1 · mg protein-1 vs. 806.0 ± 105.0 pmol min-1 · mg protein-1, P < 0.05) were significantly lower in the experimental groups than in the control. These supplements also substantially reduced the excretion of fecal neutral sterols compared to the control (211.1 ± 26.7 and 208.2 ± 31.6 mg/d vs. 521.9 ± 53.9 mg/d). The inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase and ACAT activities resulting from the supplementation of either tangerine-peel extract or a combination of its bioflavonoids could account for the decrease in fecal neutral sterol that appears to compensate for the decreased cholesterol biosynthesis in the liver.
Keyword
hesperidinnaringinHMG-CoA reductaseACATtangerine peel extractrats
ISSN
0022-3166
Publisher
Oxford Univ Press
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/129.6.1182
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Microbiome Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Files in This Item:
  • There are no files associated with this item.


Items in OpenAccess@KRIBB are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.