Effects of tryptophan residues of porcine myeloid antibacterial peptide PMAP-23 on antibiotic activity

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Effects of tryptophan residues of porcine myeloid antibacterial peptide PMAP-23 on antibiotic activity
Joo Hyun Kang; Song Yub Shin; So Yun Jang; Kil Lyong Kim; Kyung Soo Hahm
Bibliographic Citation
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 264, pp. 281-286
Publication Year
PMAP-23 is a 23-residue antimicrobial peptide from porcine myeloid cells. In order to determine the effects of two Trp residues in positions 7 and 21 of PMAP-23 on antibacterial activity and phospholipid vesicle interacting property, two analogues in which Ala is substituted for Trp residue in position 7 or 21 were synthesized. A21-PMAP-23 exhibited reduced antibacterial activity and phospholipid vesicle disrupting activity when compared to those of PMAP-23 and A7-PMAP-23. PMAP-23 readily interacted with model lipid membrane and induced membrane destabilization. Therefore antibacterial activity induced by PMAP-23 is due to the interaction of cell membrane with peptide followed by membrane perturbation. A significant structural change on the SDS micelle was not found by Ala substitution of the Trp residue of PMAP-23. Also, there is a good correlation between hydrophobic interaction on RP-HPLC, expressed as retention time on RP-HPLC, and antibacterial activity. The vesicle titration experiment indicated that Trp residues located at near C-terminus are accessible to hydrophobic tail of phospholipid vesicle. This result suggests that the C-terminal end of PMAP-23 penetrates into the lipid bilayer in the course of the interaction with phospholipid membranes and is important for its antibacterial activity.
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