Inhibition of glucocorticoid-mediated, caspase-independent dendritic cell death by CD40 activation

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Inhibition of glucocorticoid-mediated, caspase-independent dendritic cell death by CD40 activation
Kwang Dong Kim; Yong Kyung Choe; In Seong Choe; Jong Seok Lim
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Leukocyte Biology, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 426-434
Publication Year
Glucocorticoids (GC) are potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents that act on a variety of immune cells, including T cells, monocytes/macrophages, osteoclasts, and dendritic cells (DC). However, the mechanism(s) by which GC exert anti-inflammatory effects is still largely unknown. It is already well known that GC treatment inhibits DC maturation and interleukin (IL)-12 production by DC. In this study, we investigated the apoptosis induction of DC by a synthetic GC, dexamethasone (Dex). The stimulation with Dex resulted in DC apoptosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner as it was measured by determining annexin V-positive cells and mitochondrial potential. In contrast, monocytes that are precursor cells of DC are resistant to Dex-mediated apoptosis. The Dex-induced apoptosis of DC was independent of caspase activation because it was not inhibited by the broad caspase inhibitor, Z-VAD-fmk. It is interesting that agonistic CD40 antibody completely inhibited Dex-induced cell death, whereas other inflammatory stimuli did not show the same effect, suggesting that CD40 signaling may selectively modulate GC-mediated DC apoptosis. Taken together, our findings revealed an important role of GC and CD40 signaling in the regulation of immune responses in which DC play a key role in the inflammatory process of various immunomediated diseases.
CD40 signalingdexamethasoneapoptosis
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