α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-α production in leukocytes by modulating protein kinase A, p38 kinase, and nuclear factor κB signaling pathway

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Title
α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-α production in leukocytes by modulating protein kinase A, p38 kinase, and nuclear factor κB signaling pathway
Author(s)
Sun Woo Yoon; Sung-Ho Goh; J S Chun; Eun Wie ChoMyung Kyu Lee; K L Kim; J J Kim; C J Kim; Haryoung Poo
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 278, no. 35, pp. 32914-32920
Publication Year
2003
Abstract
The neuropeptide α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) inhibits inflammation by down-regulating the expression of proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in leukocytes via stimulation of α-MSH cell surface receptors. However, the signaling mechanism of α-MSH action has not yet been clearly elucidated. Here, we have investigated signaling pathways by which α-MSH inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced TNF-α production in leukocytes such as THP-1 cells. We focused on the possible roles of protein kinase A (PKA), p38 kinase, and nuclear factor κB (NFκB) signaling. In THP-1 cells, LPS is known to activate p38 kinase, which in turn activates NFκB to induce TNF-α production. We found that pretreatment of cells with α-MSH blocked LPS-induced p38 kinase and NFκB activation as well as TNF-α production. This response was proportional to α-MSH receptor expression levels, and addition of an α-MSH receptor antagonist abolished the inhibitory effects. In addition, α-MSH treatment activated PKA, and PKA inhibition abrogated the inhibitory effects of α-MSH on p38 kinase activation, NFκB activation, and TNF-α production. Taken together, our results indicate that stimulation of PKA by α-MSH causes inhibition of LPS induced activation of p38 kinase and NFκB to block TNF-α production.
ISSN
0021-9258
Publisher
Amer Soc Biochemistry Molecular Biology Inc
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M302444200
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Infectious Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Biomedical Research > Rare Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Biomaterials Research > Bionanotechnology Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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