Anti-cancer effect and structural characterization of endo-polysaccharide from cultivated mycelia of Inonotus obliquus
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- Anti-cancer effect and structural characterization of endo-polysaccharide from cultivated mycelia of Inonotus obliquus
- Y O Kim; H W Park; J H Kim; J Y Lee; Seong Hoon Moon; C S Shin
- Bibliographic Citation
- Life Sciences, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 72-80
- Publication Year
- The endo-polysaccharide extracted from mycelia of Inonotus obliquus (Pers.:Fr.) Pil. (Hymenochaetaceae) is a specific activator of B cells and macrophages. However, the in vivo anti-cancer effects and the chemical structure of the endo-polysaccharide are unknown. We purified the endo-polysaccharide, investigated its anti-cancer effects via in vitro and in vivo assays, and performed a structural characterization. The endo-polysaccharide was extracted from I. obliquus mycelia cultivated in a 300-l pilot fermenter, followed by hot water extraction and ethanol precipitation. Purification was achieved by DEAE-cellulose ion-exchange chromatography and gel-permeation chromatography. Chemical analysis revealed that the purified endo-polysaccharide is an α-linked fucoglucomannan with a molecular weight of approximately 1000 kDa. The anti-cancer activities of the endo-polysaccharide against various types of tumor cells were determined. No direct toxicity against either cancer or normal cells was observed. Intraperitoneal administration of the endo-polysaccharide significantly prolonged the survival rate of B16F10-implanted mice, resulting in a 4.07-fold increase in the survival rate at a dose of 30 mg/kg/day. After 60 days of feeding, approximately 67% of the initial number of mice survived with no tumor incidence based on macroscopic examination. These results indicate that the anti-cancer effect of endo-polysaccharide is not directly tumorcidal but rather is immuno-stimulating.
- Anti-cancer activityChemical structureEndo-polysaccharideImmuno-stimulatingInonotus obliquus
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